The 10 Amazing Natural Wonders of Africa

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Africa is one of the biggest continent in the world. Recorded as the second-largest and also the second most populated continent in the world, just after Asia.

African is blessed with several different climatic regions and contains everything from dry deserts to rain forests to snow-covered mountaintops.  We have a lot of remarkable features on the African soil that we can clearly boast of and even more. Here  is a list of just top 10 amazing wonders of Africa.

1. Okavango Delta

 

The Okavango Delta is a vast inland river delta located in northern Botswana in the Southern part of Africa. Okavango Delta is known for its stretch grassy plains, which flood seasonally, becoming a lush animal habitat.

The Moremi Game Reserve occupies the east and central areas of the region. Here, dugout canoes are used to navigate past hippos, elephants and crocodiles. On dry land, wildlife includes lions, leopards, giraffes and rhinos.

2. Serengeti Migration

African-Jackal

It is the longest and largest overland migration in the world usually crosses Tanzania and Kenya and pans 18,641.1 square miles (30,000 sq km).

The Serengeti migration is the movement of large number of wildebeest, usually accompanied by large numbers of zebra, and smaller numbers of Grant’s gazelle, eland, Thomson’s gazelle and impala.  These move in an annual pattern which is fairly predictable. The name Serengeti means “endless plains”

3. Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls.© Inna Felker/Fotolia

The waters plunge as far as some 355 feet (108 meters) down and drop not into an open basin but into a dramatic-looking chasm. Victoria Falls is known for its veil of mist visible from miles away; the name given to the falls by an indigenous group is Mosi-oa-Tunya (“The Smoke That Thunders”). Victoria Falls and the adjoining areas were collectively designated a World Heritage site in 1989.

This spectacular Southern African waterfall, considered to be among the greatest in the world, is located along the Zambezi River and straddles the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The awe-inspiring nature of the waterfall is in part due to its enormous width—more than 5,500 feet (1,700 meters).

4. The Namib

Namib desert, Namibia.© Pichugin Dmitry/Shutterstock.com

This coastal desert covers parts of three Southern African countries, from north to south: Angola, Namibia (home to the greatest portion of the desert), and South Africa. Its name, which has its origin in the Nama language, loosely translates to “an area where there is nothing.” Yet “nothing” is not an entirely true description of some parts of the desert.

The Namib’s vast expanse across different regions means that the scenery is diverse and not what one might consider to be typical of a desert. The desert’s immediate coastal area derives moisture from the near-constant level of fog, allowing succulent shrubs to thrive there. Farther inland there are random mountains.

Elsewhere there are vast amounts of sand, dunes, gravel plains, and rock formations, which, depending on the region, are dotted with bushes, grasses, or trees. The Namib’s varying regions are also home to a variety of wildlife, including beetles, snakes, birds, antelope, and elephants.

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5. Nile River

Sand dunes along the Nile River, Egypt.© nicolas lecoz/Fotolia

Known as the father of African rivers, the Nile is about 4,132 miles (6,650 km) long. This vital waterway is the longest river in Africa and, depending on what you believe, the longest river in the world. (Some maintain that the Amazon River in South America should be considered the longest river in the world: see here.)

It is home to many different species of fish and reptiles, the Nile perch and the Nile crocodile perhaps being the most well known. The Nile’s flow, which heads northward into the Mediterranean Sea, puzzled the ancient Greeks and Egyptians. Another mystery surrounding the river was its source, which was pondered for millennia and at times the subject of much debate, particularly after exploration expeditions began in the 17th century.

The Nile has several sources rather than just one. Its farthest and most-southern headstream may be regarded to be the Kagera River,  which rises in the highlands of Burundi just south of the Equator and near the northern shore of Lake Tanganyika. The Kagera then flows into Lake Victoria, the chief source of the Nile.

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